The book consists of sixteen chapters grouped in five parts. Each part covers core issues within one selected area of financial problems and decisions. Part I Introduction to Finance presents fundamental concepts and problems required for the proper understanding of modern finance. Part II Financial Markets and Instruments develops issues signalled in the first part and concentrates on financial markets, introducing key terms and classifications. Part III and IV include the discussion of financial services organised by the type of financial institutions. Part V Financial Aspects of Non-Financial Entities introduces the fundamental problems of financial decision-making process in the real sector of the economy: governments, households, and business firms.